Andrew the Apostle , also called Saint Andrew, was an apostle of Jesus according to the New Testament. He is the brother of Saint Peter. He is referred to in the Orthodox tradition as the First-Called .

According to Orthodox tradition, the apostolic successor to Saint Andrew is the Patriarch of Constantinople.

Andrew is the patron saint of several countries and cities including: Barbados, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Ukraine, Sarzana, Pienza and Amalfi in Italy, Esgueira in Portugal, Luqa in Malta, Parañaque in the Philippines and Patras in Greece. He was also the patron saint of Prussia and of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He is considered the founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium and is consequently the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. The Apostle Andrew is also the patron of the Russian Navy.

The flag of Scotland (and consequently the Union Flag and those of some of the former colonies of the British Empire) feature Saint Andrew's saltire cross. The saltire is also the flag of Tenerife, the former flag of Galicia and the Russian Navy Ensign. 

The feast of Andrew is observed on 30 November in both the Eastern and Western churches, and is the national day of Scotland. In the traditional liturgical books of the Catholic Church, the feast of Saint Andrew is the first feast day in the Proper of Saints.

He is the patron saint of fishermen, fishmongers and rope-makers, textile workers, singers, miners, pregnant women, butchers, farm workers, protection against sore throats, protection against convulsions, protection against fever, protection against whooping cough. 

George Parker Bidder was a native of Moretonhampstead, in this county, and was brought into public notice at a very early age through the wonderful power of mental calculation which he developed without having received any instruction. He was born in very humble circumstances, his father being a stonemason; and at the age of seven, when his talent first became apparent, he did not know the meaning of the word “multiplication”, nor could he read the common numerical symbols.

[His talent gained him a place at Edinburgh University where he was a classmate of Robert Stevenson. He worked as a surveyor, as a civil engineer, and from 1834 with the]  staff of Messrs. George and Robert Stephenson, with whom he was engaged for many years, taking part in the construction of the London and Birmingham, the South Eastern, North Kent, London and Blackwall, Norwich and Yarmouth, Northampton and Peterborough, Trent Valley, North Staffordshire, and many other railways.

Bidder, George Parker – The Devonshire Association (

Two of the three Founding Fathers of the Devonshire Association were elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society, the mark of outstanding scientific excellence in Britain. William Pengelly is widely recognised as a geologist and a pioneer of Palaeolithic archaeology, but Charles Spence Bate, the Association’s equally distinguished second President, is far less well known today.

He was in his time the foremost authority – possibly in the world – on Crustacea, the immense animal group that ranges from tiny planktonic copepods to giant crabs via shrimps, woodlice, and barnacles, on which latter he corresponded with Darwin, a specialist in the group. His mammoth report on 2,000 specimens from the Challenger expedition of 1873-6 took him ten years, and his two volume monograph, with the entomologist J. O. Westwood, on the British sessile-eyed Crustacea was the standard work for more than a century.

Bate, Charles Spence – The Devonshire Association (

JOHN JAMES ALEXANDER, M.A., F.R.Hist. SOC., J.P., was the eldest surviving son of Joseph Alexander, J.P.; his mother was Mary Frances Gouldsbury Long, daughter and heiress of Francis Gouldesbury Long, M.D., of Heath Hill, Co. Donegal. Mr. Alexander was born 12th November 1865 at Imlick House, near Carrigans, in the same county, and went to school first at the Academy and then at Foyle College, in Londonderry, from which he proceeded to Queen’s College, Belfast in 1883, and St. John’s College, Cambridge in 1887. During the period of his education he won at least thirteen exhibitions and scholarships, in mathematics, physics, and chemistry. He took first class degrees at the Royal University of Ireland in 1886, 1889, and was finally eighth wrangler at Cambridge, in 1890, proceeding M.A. of the latter university in 1895.

Alexander, J. J. – The Devonshire Association (

Members [of the Devonshire Association] who attended the Annual Meeting of the Association in Tiverton in 1974 will recall with pleasure the inauguration of Sir Richard Acland as President, and the memorable Presidential Address he gave on that occasion. Taking ‘Six Generations of Change’ as his theme, Sir Richard argued that change ‘does not take place by benign consensus of all concerned’ but ‘emerges out of a struggle of contrary ideas and opposing intentions’, to which he added the comment that ‘there is a continual and mutual interaction between the material things around us and our own ideas, feelings and beliefs’. This, he worked out through a close examination of the contribution made, through six generations of his own family, in public life and to the development of education in this country from the eighteenth to the twentieth century.

Acland, Richard Thomas Dyke – The Devonshire Association (

University of Exeter Patrick Devine-Wright is in the top 1% of environmental social science scholars globally (2019, Web of Science). With expertise spanning Human Geography and Environmental Psychology, he conducts theoretically-driven yet relevant research, often in interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary settings. Across local, national and international contexts, he is engaged in efforts to ensure social science insights inform decisions on a range of environmental challenges, notably climate change.

Social Media:




Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall is a multi-award-winning writer and broadcaster known for his uncompromising commitment to seasonal, ethically produced food and his concern for the environment. He has earned a huge following through his River Cottage TV series and books, as well as campaigns such as Hugh’s Fish FightHugh’s War on Waste and his latest, Britain’s Fat Fight and, his latest, War on Plastic with Hugh and Anita.

Social Media:

Twitter: (117k)

Wikipedia Jacqueline Myriam McGlade (born May 30, 1955) is a British-born Canadian marine biologist and environmental informatics professor. Her research concerns the spatial and nonlinear dynamics of ecosystems, climate change and scenario development. She is currently professor of resilience and sustainable development at the University College London Institute for Global Prosperity and Faculty of Engineering, UK, and professor at Strathmore University in the Institute for Public Policy and Governance, Kenya.

She was executive director of the European Environment Agency from 2003 to 2013, where she was on leave from her post as professor of environmental informatics at University College London.

Between 2014 and 2017 she was chief scientist and director of the Science Division of the United Nations Environment Programme based in Nairobi. From 2017 to 2019 she was professor and director of the Sekenani Research Centre of the Maasai Mara University, Kenya. 

Social Media:

Twitter: (666)


Thomazine Mary Browne was born in Bridgwater in 1852. She studied Natural Philosophy and Astronomy at Queens College, London. She also attended courses in physics and applied mathematics at University College and became a mathematics tutor in 1875. Mary and her sister Annie worked for Octavia Hill, and for Canon and Mrs Barnett at Toynbee Hall, to improve housing conditions in London. They were also involved in the formation of College Hall, the first women's hall of residence in London.

in the 1880's Mary attended the Solar Physics Observatory in South Kensington. This was the brainchild of the charismatic and self-taught Norman Lockyer. It was publicly-funded and both taught and researched day-time astronomical physics rather than traditional astronomy. Sir Norman Lockyer became Mary's second husband on 23rd May 1903 in the Church of the Annunciation, Marylebone. The couple built a house in Sidmouth, where Mary's grandparents had lived. Norman Lockyer's moved the Observatory to Sidmouth in 1912, which he ran until his death in 1920. Mary was elected a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1923.

Mary was secretary of the Sidmouth branch of the National Union of Women Suffrage Societies from 1909 to 1918. She maintained an active involvement with Sidmouth societies until her death in 1943.

Devon History Society

Royal Astronomical Society obituary

The Lockyer Ladies

One man has seen more of the natural world than any other. This unique feature documentary is his witness statement.

In his 94 years, David Attenborough has visited every continent on the globe, exploring the wild places of our planet and documenting the living world in all its variety and wonder. Now, for the first time he reflects upon both the defining moments of his lifetime as a naturalist and the devastating changes he has seen.

Honest, revealing and urgent, DAVID ATTENBOROUGH: A LIFE ON OUR PLANET is a powerful first-hand account of humanity’s impact on nature and a message of hope for future generations.

Created by award-winning natural history filmmakers Silverback Films and global conservation organisation WWF, the film is Directed by Alastair Fothergill, Jonnie Hughes and Keith Scholey and Executive Produced by Colin Butfield.

Celebrated British naturalist Sir David Attenborough has a broadcasting career spanning over six decades. He has visited every continent on the globe, exploring the wild places of our planet and bringing the wonders of the living world to audiences worldwide through ground breaking natural history series. His work includes: Life on Earth, Planet Earth and more recently the Netflix original documentary series Our Planet.

Social Media: 

Instagram: (4.5m)

Facebook: (11.9k)

Twitter: (2.6k)

follow Hartstongue on social media


Twitter  Facebook  YouTube  Instagram LinkedIn