This distinctive type of damp pasture is generally found on commons, as a component of lowland fen, or in undeveloped corners of otherwise intensively farmed landscapes.
What is it? This moist, often tussocky (long and thick) grassland is found on flat or gently sloping land on peaty mineral soils in areas with higher rainfall (i.e. the west of the country), or on wetter peatlands in East Anglia. A variety of flowers such as meadow buttercup, devil’s-bit scabious, meadow thistle, ragged-Robin, water mint and self-heal are found with purple moor-grass and sharp-flowered rush. Where the soil is particularly low in nutrients, the vegetation becomes more heathy, with cross-leaved heath and tormentil. Scrub is common and the pasture is often bordered by hedgerows.
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The shop at this site should be open from 12th April 2021
Located on the outskirts of Exeter, Darts Farm is home to a large variety of wildlife. These include flocks of linnets, fieldfares and redwings during the winter, dragonflies, skylarks and kingfishers in summer. There's also a popular shop and tearoom here, part of a larger shopping complex.
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Nestled in a Devon valley, Rosemoor blends formal and informal plantings to magical effect.
Rosemoor became home to Lady Anne Berry (1919–2019) and her mother following the death of her father, Sir Robert Horace Walpole, in 1931. Sir Robert had originally bought Rosemoor as a salmon fishing lodge. At that time the garden was, as Lady Anne described it, ‘dull and labour intensive, typically Victorian, with a great use of annuals in beds around the house.’ During the 1930s, Lady Anne’s mother created The Stone Garden, the first area of hard landscaping at Rosemoor, which still lies at the heart of the old garden.
During the 1960s Lady Anne joined the RHS and was soon invited to judge woody plants and new introductions in one of its committees. By the late 1970s she had helped found the National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens (now known as Plant Heritage), and had also set up a nursery at Rosemoor. When Lady Anne gifted Rosemoor to the RHS in 1988 it consisted of the house, the 3.2ha (8 acre) garden around the house and 13ha (32 acres) of pastureland.
Rosemoor opened to visitors on 1 June 1990. Bisected by the A3124, the garden consists of two very distinct areas. On one side is the original garden – Lady Anne’s Garden – which remains a diverse collection of plants in an informal setting. On the other side is the new garden – a formal, decorative area in a glorious woodland setting – its creation in such a relatively brief time is a truly astonishing achievement.
RHS Garden Rosemoor Great Torrington EX38 8PH
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Hatherleigh Moor is 425 acres of rough grazing and pasture located to the East of Hatherleigh.
Since the 1950s the land and finances have been managed by a committee of Potboilers, which is now a major local funding body for local projects.
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An ‘area of waste called the Common’, was given to the people of Torrington in 1194. This was formalised in 1889, when the Common’s Act was presented in Parliament. ‘An Act for vesting Great Torrington in a body of Conservators’.
Since October 2nd 1889 the Conservators have met regularly to discharge this duty, giving us this wonderful area, still freely accessible to all. The use of The Commons is governed by bylaws approved by DEFRA. The latest edition of the bye-laws is dated 2010.
There are up to fifteen Commons Conservators, elected on a three yearly basis. All Conservators are resident in Torrington and they administer the commons for the people of the town of Great Torrington. Their work includes enforcement of the bye laws, maintaining the public rights of way and paths, conservation of the many different habitats and special measures to support some of the rarer species found on the commons.
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The central focus of this area is the prominent wooded ridge of Pebble Beds which has a distinctive pattern of heaths and former commons (including areas of gorse, scattered pines, and notable tree groups) and woodland (both beech and conifer plantation). The ridge with its blocks of largely plantation woodland creates a recognisable skyline feature and focus for surrounding areas including the Exe Estuary, undulating farmland and the Otter valley. The areas of heath and woodland give rise to a wild, colourful and untamed feel and a sense of remoteness despite the area being highly popular for recreation. From more open areas on the ridge there are panoramic views across surrounding farmland and to the coast. In the north the ridge declines in height and the farmland has a semi-urban character affected by urbanising influences and horticulture. In the lower Otter valley the historic settlement pattern above the valley floor, valley meadows and pastoral character are distinctive, set between the Pebble Bed ridge to the west and the sharply rising slopes of the greensand ridges to the east.
This area comprises a north-south orientated prominent ridge and surrounding undulating farmland which is visually influenced by the ridge. To the north and west the outer edges of this area are transitional as the dominance of the ridge declines and the landform drops in elevation into the Clyst Lowlands. To the south the area is bounded by the Sidmouth and Lyme Bay Coastal Plateau and to the east by the sharply rising edge of the greensand ridges. This character area includes the lower reaches of the Otter valley to the east.
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On 13th July 2006 select mining landscapes across Cornwall and west Devon were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, placing Cornish mining heritage on a par with international treasures like Machu Picchu, the Taj Mahal and the Great Wall of China. The largest industrial World Heritage Site in the UK, with over 20,000 hectares spread over across Cornwall and West Devon
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The Tamar Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, or TVAONB for short, is a special area around the rivers Tamar, Tavy and Lynher. The area is famous for its mining heritage landscape. A team of dedicated staff and volunteers run projects and coordinate work to protect the Valley.
On one side is Devon, the other Cornwall. The Tamar Valley extends north from the broad estuary at Plymouth to the intricate, deeply incised river that meanders just below Launceston and Tavistock. It borders Dartmoor National Park to the east and the Kit Hill area to the west.
Tamar Valley Centre, Drakewalls, Near Gunnislake, Cornwall PL18 9FE
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Wistman's Wood is one of only three remote high-altitude oakwoods on Dartmoor, Devon, England. (The other two are Black Tor Beare on the West Okement at SX565892 and Piles Copse on the River Erme at SX644620.)
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In recognition of its special qualities South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) was designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in 1960.
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